ANEMONE PATENS | Pasque Flower
Pasque Flower (Anemone patens) – Found in all prairie regions from the Arctic Circle to the Southern United States. It is the earliest of all prairie flowers blooming in March and April. Grows from 2 inches to 16 inches and sports a single blue, purple or white flower on a long, thin stem. Pasque flowers do not have true petals; instead it is the sepals that give the flower color.
Ranunculaceae Family – From the Greek term anemone, meaning “wind” which probably refers to seed distribution or perhaps because the delicate stems and leaves sometimes appear to tremble in the wind and patens, meaning “spreading”.
Pasque Flower was one of the native prairie species that was included on the official United States pharmacopoeia catalog from 1882 to 1918 because of its diuretic, expectorant and menstrual-inducing qualities. Native Americans used this species for treating the pain of rheumatism and other painful conditions. It was used as a diaphoretic, a diuretic and as a salve or wash to treat boils, burns and sore eyes. Healing of wounds was often accelerated using the entire plant, dried and ground, applied to the wound. Great caution was used when using this species as a medicine because it contains alkaloids that can cause depression, nervousness and intestinal distress
It should be noted that Pasque flower is poisonous. It is extremely irritating both internally and externally and use of this plant should be avoided.
To Purchase This Spring Blooming Plant Please Visit Our Website at Native Wildflowers & Seeds from Ion Exchange, Inc.
Posted in Flower Photography, Flower Pictures, Gardening, Native Plant and Seed Nursery, Native Prairies, native wildflowers, Perennial Garden, Perennial Plants, Wildflower Garden, Wildflower Photography, Wildflowers and Native Grasses
Tagged Anemone Patens, Medicinal Flowers, native seeds, native wildflowers, Pasque Flower, Plants, Prairie Flowers, Spring Flowers, wildflowers
AMORPHA FRUTICOSA | False Indigo
False Indigo (Amorpha Fruiticosa) is common in moist prairie thickets and along streams and rivers in prairies throughout the Tallgrass Region. Not as common east of Illinois. Large, bushy shrubs can reach 10 feet, generally 5 to 6 feet. Blooms from late spring to midsummer. Also known as Desert False Indigo, Indigobush, and Indigo Bush.
Amorpha from the Greek amorphos meaning “without shape” which refers to the flower having only one petal. Legume.
Plant Family: Fabaceae
Sun Exposure Savanna, Prairie
Soil Moisture Mesic, Wet Mesic, Dry Mesic
Bloom Time Late Spring, Summer
June, July, August
Bloom Color Purple
Max. Height 10 Feet
Wetland Code FACW+
Germ Code C(10), I
Seeds Per Packet 100
Seeds Per Ounce 3,700
Edible Uses: The crushed fruit is used as a condiment.
Medicinal Uses: No known medicinal uses reported.
To Purchase This Spring Blooming Wildflower Visit Us At Our Website Native Wildflowers & Seeds from Ion Exchange, Inc.
Posted in Gardening, Native Grasses, Native Plant and Seed Nursery, Native Prairies, native wildflowers, Perennial Garden, Perennial Plants, Wildflowers and Native Grasses
Tagged Amorpha fruticosa, Blooming Flowers, False Indigo, Flower, Flowers, Illinois, Ion Exchange, Ion Exchange Inc, Mesic habitat, native seeds, native wildflower, Plant, prairie, Purple Flowers, Seed, Silphium integrifolium, Spring Blooming Flowers, wildflower
President’s Day Special
Get a jump start on your Spring Planting with our President’s Day Special. Contains 84 wildflower, prairie plants that will provide color throughout the seasons.
A special price for a special person.
The Package contains 7 each of the following species:
New England Aster
Sweet Black-eyed Susan
Pale Purple Coneflower
To Purchase This Package Please Visit Our Website At Native Wildflowers & Seeds From Ion Exchange, Inc.
Posted in Gardening, Live Plant Plugs, Native Grasses, Native Plant and Seed Nursery, Native Prairies, native wildflowers, Perennial Garden, Perennial Plants, Prairie Plants, Spring Planting, Wildflower Garden
Tagged Ion Exchange, Ion Exchange Inc, native seeds, native wildflowers, Prairie Plants, Presidents Day Sale, Seasonal Wildflowers, Seasons, Spring Planting, Wildflower Package, Wildflower Sale
Swamp Purplestem (Bidens Connata) consists of flowers with ray florets absent. Base of flower with a circle of leaflike, elongate bracts. Seeds (achenes) with two barbs. Leaves undivided, elongate, heavily toothed, occurring in opposite pairs along the stem. Plant 1 to 6 feet in height.
Sun Exposure: Prairie
Soil Moisture: Wet, Wet Mesic
Bloom Time: Summer, Fall – August, September, October
Bloom Color: Yellow
Max Height: 4 Feet
To Purchase This Native Wildflower Visit Our Website At
Native Wildflowers & Seeds from Ion Exchange, Inc.
Posted in Gardening, Ion Exchange Inc, Native Plant and Seed Nursery, Native Prairies, native wildflowers, Perennial Garden, Perennial Plants, Prairie Plants, Wildflower Garden, Wildflowers and Native Grasses
Tagged Beggartick, Bidens Connata, Blooming Flowers, Flowers, Ion Exchange Inc, native seeds, native wildflowers, Plant Seeds, Prairie Plants, Seeds, Swamp Purplestem, wildflowers
Polygonatum Canaliculatum | Solomon’s Seal
“Solomon’s Seal, Conquer John, Sealwort”
Polygonatum comes from the Greek word meaning “with many knees”. This is most likely in reference to the bulbous, jointed rhizomes. Canaliculatum comes from the Latin for “channeled” or “with a long groove”. Some botanists and taxonomists divide this particular plant into three different species – P. canaliculatum, P. biflora and P. communtatum. The differences are difficult to tell without magnification..
The common name, Solomon’s seal derives from its rootstock that bears flat round scars which resemble the impression of a seal. Biblical King Solomon’s famous seal was a magical signet ring. A transverse cut on the root was once believed to reveal Hebrew characters left by King Solomon’s seal.
Since each year of growth leaves a new “seal” on the rhizome, you can estimate the age of a Solomon’s seal plant by counting the scars.
Even though the stems can easily reach 6 feet in length, the plant itself is generally 3 feet or less in height with the stems making long, sweeping arches. It’s found on rich woodland soils and occasionally in the open areas of cleared woodlands. It prefers cool moist soil but tolerates dry or damp once established. Green-white to white flowers bloom beneath the leaves from May through June. It is a rugged, deer resistant plant largely unbothered by disease.
The roots, berries and young shoots were once used a sources for food. The Iroquois actually cultivated Solomon’s Seal to use the roots for a dietary staple. The Chippewa believed ingesting the roots would aid in curing back pain and/or kidney problems. In order to achieve its full effect, they believed the medicinal rootstock needed to be saved in a pouch made of bear’s paws. The Meskwaki and Potawatami would place a small piece of root on burning coals to create fumes that could revive one from an unconcsious state. Early settlers used preparations of the root to treat hemorrhoids, arthritis, poison ivy, skin rashes and eczema. They also beleived that an extract from the root of P. canaliculatum would make freckles disappear or diminish.
Edible Uses: Unknown
Medicinal Uses: Unknown
Herbal Uses: Unknown
To Purchase Polygonatum Canaliculatum | Solomans Seal Click Here
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Tagged Indestructible Plants, native wildflowers, Perennial, Perennial plant, Plant of the Year, Polygonatum Canaliculatum, prairie, Prairie Plants, Seeds, Solomans Seal, Sweet Flowers, White Flowers, wildflowers, Yellow Flowers
Wildflower of The Week: Panicum Virgatum | Switchgrass Gardening Gone Wild Website Has Named This One a Top Perennial Plant for 2013!
(PLS) This native perennial grass is 3-6′ tall and more or less erect; it usually grows in large bunches. The culms are light to medium green, terete, glabrous, and fairly stout; each culm has several alternate leaves that span most of its length underneath the inflorescence. The leaf blades are up to 2/3″ (15 mm.) across and 2′ long; they are usually medium green (less often blue and glaucous), hairless or mostly hairless, and ascending to widely spreading. The leaf sheaths are about the same color as the blades and hairless; they are open at the mouth. Each ligule has a band of white hairs, while the nodes are swollen and often dark-colored.
“The culm terminates in an inflorescence about 8-20″” long and half as much across. This inflorescence is an airy panicle of spikelets; is broader toward the bottom than the top (pyramidal or conical). The slender branches of the panicle are ascending to spreading and fairly straight. Each branch terminates in a small spikelet about 4-5 mm. long that is ellipsoid or narrowly ovoid in shape. The spikelets are initially light reddish purple, but they later become light tan. Each spikelet has a pair of glumes, a single fertile lemma, and a floret. The first glume is about two-thirds the length of the spikelet, while the remaining glume and lemma are the same length as the spikelet. The first glume gradually tapers to a long tip. The blooming period occurs during mid-summer. Pollination of the florets is by wind. The floret of each spikelet is replaced by a grain that is 2-3 mm. long; this grain is ovoid-oblong in shape and somewhat flattened on one side. The root system is fibrous and rhizomatous; the fibrous roots can penetrate more than 10 ft. in the ground. Reproduction is by seed and vegetatively through rhizomes.
“The preference is partial to full sunlight, moist to mesic conditions, and deep fertile soil. However, this robust grass can tolerate practically any kind of soil and it will adapt to drier conditions. This grass can spread aggressively, therefore it should not be overplanted.
Edible Uses: Unknown
Medicinal Uses: Unknown
Herbal Uses: Unknown
To Purchase Panicum Virgatum | Switchgrass Visit our Website at Native Wildflowers & Seeds from Ion Exchange, Inc.
Posted in Grass, Live Plant Plugs, Native Grasses, Native Plant and Seed Nursery, Native Prairies, native wildflowers, Perennial Plants, Prairie Management, Prairie Plants, Tallgrass Prairie, Wildflower Garden, Wildflowers and Native Grasses
Tagged Asclepias tuberosa, Flower, Panicum, Perennial plant, Plant, Plantae, Poaceae, Seed