Polygonatum Canaliculatum | Solomon’s Seal
“Solomon’s Seal, Conquer John, Sealwort”
Polygonatum comes from the Greek word meaning “with many knees”. This is most likely in reference to the bulbous, jointed rhizomes. Canaliculatum comes from the Latin for “channeled” or “with a long groove”. Some botanists and taxonomists divide this particular plant into three different species – P. canaliculatum, P. biflora and P. communtatum. The differences are difficult to tell without magnification..
The common name, Solomon’s seal derives from its rootstock that bears flat round scars which resemble the impression of a seal. Biblical King Solomon’s famous seal was a magical signet ring. A transverse cut on the root was once believed to reveal Hebrew characters left by King Solomon’s seal.
Since each year of growth leaves a new “seal” on the rhizome, you can estimate the age of a Solomon’s seal plant by counting the scars.
Even though the stems can easily reach 6 feet in length, the plant itself is generally 3 feet or less in height with the stems making long, sweeping arches. It’s found on rich woodland soils and occasionally in the open areas of cleared woodlands. It prefers cool moist soil but tolerates dry or damp once established. Green-white to white flowers bloom beneath the leaves from May through June. It is a rugged, deer resistant plant largely unbothered by disease.
The roots, berries and young shoots were once used a sources for food. The Iroquois actually cultivated Solomon’s Seal to use the roots for a dietary staple. The Chippewa believed ingesting the roots would aid in curing back pain and/or kidney problems. In order to achieve its full effect, they believed the medicinal rootstock needed to be saved in a pouch made of bear’s paws. The Meskwaki and Potawatami would place a small piece of root on burning coals to create fumes that could revive one from an unconcsious state. Early settlers used preparations of the root to treat hemorrhoids, arthritis, poison ivy, skin rashes and eczema. They also beleived that an extract from the root of P. canaliculatum would make freckles disappear or diminish.
Edible Uses: Unknown
Medicinal Uses: Unknown
Herbal Uses: Unknown
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Many bird-feeding stations are barren of cover for birds at your feeders. You can solve this problem by providing instant cover with fully mature fall or winter-harvested stems of the White Wild Indigo. When the plants mature and fall comes, the plants will go dormant leaving their study and durable stems erect with dried leaves and stems still in tack. This makes for the perfect little bush that will give birds a secure place to land.
Just break the stems off at ground level. Get a two or three gallon container. Fill with any soil. Insert the stems into the soil for a secure upright position of the stems. You may want to put a heavy rock in the bottom of the container to keep the wind from blowing it over. Place the pots near your feeders. When the birds land in the branches of the White Wild Indigo, they can rest there and feel protected against predators.
Within minutes you will have more birds right next to your feeders feeling secure and safe. This will enable you to stand much closer to your feeders and observe birds up close.
You can plant White Wild Indigo from seed and they will mature in two to three years or you could plant them as live plants and they will mature faster. Seeds should be scarified with sand paper to thin the hard seed coating if planted in the spring and place in a plastic bag with moist sand or vermiculite. After 10 days you may plant the seed. If planted in the fall they will not need scarification. They grow to about four to five feet in height and have beautiful white flowers up and down the sturdy stems in early to mid-summer. As they mature, they will develop black seedpods, which are very attractive. They are native from Canada to Southern Texas and Florida and throughout the central region of the U.S. They will thrive in most soils.
Howard Bright, aka Earthyman
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Posted in Animals, Bird and Butterfly Attractor Station, Birds, Environment, Fall Planting, Fall Plantings, Gardening, Grass, Ion Exchange Inc, Live Plant Plugs, man and nature, Native Grasses, Native Plant and Seed Nursery, Native Prairies, native wildflowers, natural world, Nature, Perennial Garden, Perennial Plants, Sowing Seed, Spring Planting, Tallgrass Prairie, Wildflower Garden, Wildflowers and Native Grasses, Wildlife Gardening
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Yarrow, (Achillea Millefolium) is very common to fields, pastures, disturbed areas, roadsides, previously disturbed prairies and open sites throughout the Tallgrass biome. Tiny white flowers in umbels at the top of the plant bloom from June to September. Feathery, fern-like leaves up to 5 inches long. Generally reaches about 1 1/2 feet tall but does grow slightly taller in some places.
Achillea after Achilles of Greek mythology who is said to have used it medicinally and millifolia meaning “thousand-leaved”.Asteraceae Family – “Common Yarrow, Gordaldo, Gordoloba, Milfoil, Knight’s Milfoil, Milfoil Thousand-leaf, Bloodwort, Woundwort, Devil’s Plaything, Green Arrow, Thousand Leaf, Thousand-seal, Thousand-leaved clover, Cammock, Carpenter Grass, Dog Daisy, Wooly Yarrow, Nosebleed Weed, Old Man’s Pepper, Sanguinary, Soldier’s Woundwort”
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Tagged Achillea Millefolium, Asteraceae Family, Bloodwort, Cammock, Carpenter Grass, Common Yarrow, Devil's Plaything, Dog Daisy, Feathery Plants, Fern Plants, Fields, Flowers, Gordaldo, Gordoloba, Green Arrow, Ion Exchange, Ion Exchange Inc, Knight's Milfoil, Milfoil, Milfoil Thousand-leaf, Nosebleed Weed, Old Man's Pepper, Pastures, Plants, prairies, Roadsides, Sanguinary, Shousand-seal, Soldier's Woundwort, Summer Blooming Flowers, Tallgrass, Thousand Leaf, Thousand-leaved clover, White Flowers, Wooly Yarrow, Woundwort, Yarrow